The Court of Justice of the European Union consists of three courts: the Court of Justice, the General Court (created in 1988 as the Court of First Instance) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court’s mission is to ensure that ‘the law is observed‘ ‘in the interpretation and application‘ of the Treaties.
The Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union. The Council is responsible for decision-making and co-ordination. The acts of the Council can take the form of regulations, directives, decisions, common actions or common positions, recommendations or opinions. The Council can also adopt conclusions, declarations or resolutions.
The European Court of Auditors is the EU institution established by the Treaty to carry out the audit of EU finances. It is located in Luxembourg. As the EU’s external auditor, it contributes to improving EU financial management and acts as the independent guardian of the financial interests of the citizens of the European Union. The Court cooperates with the Centre in the field of terminology.
The ECB is the central bank for Europe’s single currency, the euro. The ECB’s main task is to maintain the euro’s purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area. The euro area comprises the 16 European Union countries that have introduced the euro since 1999. The Bank submitted an important large terminology database for translation into Irish, for use not only for the translation of Bank-related texts, but also for general budget documents.
The European Ombudsman investigates complaints concerning maladministration in the institutions and bodies of the European Union.
Established in 1994, the CoR is the political assembly that provides local and regional authorities with a voice at the heart of the European Union.