The ERC is the first European funding body set up to support investigator-driven frontier research. Its main aim is to stimulate scientific excellence by supporting and encouraging the very best, truly creative scientists, scholars and engineers to be adventurous and take risks in their research. The scientists are encouraged to go beyond established frontiers of knowledge and the boundaries of disciplines.
The Research Executive Agency is a funding body created by the European Commission to foster excellence in research and innovation. It manages large parts of the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7), the main EU funding package to respond to Europe’s needs in terms of jobs and competitiveness in the global knowledge economy.
With effect from 1 January 2014, the Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA), which was set up by the European Commission in 2006 to manage the technical and financial implementation of its TEN-T programme, has become the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA). INEA’s mission is to implement parts of the EU programmes: Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), Horizon 2020 and the legacy programmes: TEN-T and Marco Polo 2007-2013.
A refinement of scope has become effective for the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation, which, with effect from 1 January 2014, is now called Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized enterprises (EASME).
The Agency’s mandate covers a variety of Europe and worldwide opportunities for organisations, professionals and individuals. Seven key Community programmes have been partly or fully delegated to the EACEA: Lifelong Learning, Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Culture, Youth in Action, Europe for Citizens and Media, and several international Cooperation Agreements in the field of higher education.
The Consumers, Health and Food Executive Agency (Chafea) is a successor to the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers (EAHC), set up by the European Commission in 2006 to run
- the Public Health Programme
- (from 2008) the Consumers Programme
- (from 2008) the Better Training for Safer Food initiative.