The SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) programme is one of the most ambitious research and development projects ever launched by the European Community. Its mission is to develop a modernised air traffic management system for Europe. This future system will ensure the safety and fluidity of air transport over the next thirty years, will make flying more environmentally friendly and reduce the costs of air traffic management.
The European Defence Agency has been created to help EU Member States develop their defence capabilities for crisis-management operations under the European Security and Defence Policy.
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is a consultative body that gives representatives of Europe's socio-occupational interest groups, and others, a formal platform to express their points of views on EU issues. Its opinions are forwarded to the larger institutions - the Council, the Commission and the European Parliament. It thus has a key role to play in the Union's decision-making process.
On 6 May 2014, the Council of the European Union adopted the Regulation establishing the ECSEL Joint Undertaking. This new organisation replaces ARTEMIS JU and ENIAC JU. ECSEL JU has become operational as of 27 June 2014.
The ERC is the first European funding body set up to support investigator-driven frontier research. Its main aim is to stimulate scientific excellence by supporting and encouraging the very best, truly creative scientists, scholars and engineers to be adventurous and take risks in their research. The scientists are encouraged to go beyond established frontiers of knowledge and the boundaries of disciplines.
With effect from 1 January 2014, the Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA), which was set up by the European Commission in 2006 to manage the technical and financial implementation of its TEN-T programme, has become the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA). INEA’s mission is to implement parts of the EU programmes: Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), Horizon 2020 and the legacy programmes: TEN-T and Marco Polo 2007-2013.
The Research Executive Agency is a funding body created by the European Commission to foster excellence in research and innovation. It manages large parts of the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7), the main EU funding package to respond to Europe’s needs in terms of jobs and competitiveness in the global knowledge economy.
A refinement of scope has become effective for the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation, which, with effect from 1 January 2014, is now called Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized enterprises (EASME).
The Agency’s mandate covers a variety of Europe and worldwide opportunities for organisations, professionals and individuals. Seven key Community programmes have been partly or fully delegated to the EACEA: Lifelong Learning, Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Culture, Youth in Action, Europe for Citizens and Media, and several international Cooperation Agreements in the field of higher education. The Centre reviewed the existing terminological resources in the fields of activity of EACEA, the ETF and CEDEFOP, and a joint terminology project was included in the plan for 2010.
Clean Sky is a ‘Joint Technology Initiative’ (JTI), created by the European Commission, whose objective is to develop breakthrough technologies to significantly improve the impact of air transport on the environment.