The European Defence Agency has been created to help EU Member States develop their defence capabilities for crisis-management operations under the European Security and Defence Policy.
The ERC is the first European funding body set up to support investigator-driven frontier research. Its main aim is to stimulate scientific excellence by supporting and encouraging the very best, truly creative scientists, scholars and engineers to be adventurous and take risks in their research. The scientists are encouraged to go beyond established frontiers of knowledge and the boundaries of disciplines.
The Research Executive Agency is a funding body created by the European Commission to foster excellence in research and innovation. It manages large parts of the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7), the main EU funding package to respond to Europe’s needs in terms of jobs and competitiveness in the global knowledge economy.
On 8 December, the Centre signed an agreement with the Single Resolution Board (SRB). Based in Brussels, this newly-created EU agency has been operational as of 1 January 2015.
The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking is a unique public private partnership supporting research, technological development and demonstration (RTD) activities in fuel cell and hydrogen energy technologies in Europe. Its aim is to accelerate the market introduction of these technologies, realising their potential as an instrument in achieving a carbon-lean energy system.
On 6 May 2014, the Council of the European Union adopted the Regulation establishing the ECSEL Joint Undertaking. This new organisation replaces ARTEMIS JU and ENIAC JU. ECSEL JU has become operational as of 27 June 2014.
The Agency’s mandate covers a variety of Europe and worldwide opportunities for organisations, professionals and individuals. Seven key Community programmes have been partly or fully delegated to the EACEA: Lifelong Learning, Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Culture, Youth in Action, Europe for Citizens and Media, and several international Cooperation Agreements in the field of higher education. The Centre reviewed the existing terminological resources in the fields of activity of EACEA, the ETF and CEDEFOP, and a joint terminology project was included in the plan for 2010.
The Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union. The Council is responsible for decision-making and co-ordination. The acts of the Council can take the form of regulations, directives, decisions, common actions or common positions, recommendations or opinions. The Council can also adopt conclusions, declarations or resolutions.
Clean Sky is a ‘Joint Technology Initiative’ (JTI), created by the European Commission, whose objective is to develop breakthrough technologies to significantly improve the impact of air transport on the environment.
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is a consultative body that gives representatives of Europe's socio-occupational interest groups, and others, a formal platform to express their points of views on EU issues. Its opinions are forwarded to the larger institutions - the Council, the Commission and the European Parliament. It thus has a key role to play in the Union's decision-making process.